The reoccurring decimal in the world news is the conflict between the West, the USA and North Korea. The world as it seems is in the verge of a third world war because of the North Korea’s research in nuclear program. This problem seems to have reached its elastic limit when North Korea has become a threat to countries surrounding her, and also to the USA in particular because of her being capable to launch long range missiles which she has done on the shores of Japan. Why will North Korea make the production of nuclear weapon its priority even after warnings from the world body? And also not minding the fact that most of her citizens are living under a dollar, a day. A reasonable mind may wonder, what is rational in producing a weapon of mass destruction whereas you can’t feed your country? Maybe North Korea may have sensible reasons for her actions.

After the World War II, United States of America emerged as a sole world power. The war ended when the US weapon devastated Hiroshima and Nagasaki. They were the first to develop and use a nuclear weapon in a grand scale war and this accorded them the world power. After the war, many other countries especially the victors of the war started to develop their own nuclear Arsenals. The Soviet Union (1949), Great Britain (1952), France (1960), China (1964). This was to lord it over others.

Seeing the potential problems these weapons will cause in the future if their productions are allowed to escalate, a conference was called by the US in which a non proliferation treaty was signed. On July 1, 1968, the treaty was signed by the United Kingdom, the United States, the soviet Union, and 59 other states, under which the three major signatories, which possessed nuclear weapons, agreed not to assist other states in obtaining or producing them. The treaty became effective in March 1970 and was to remain so for a 25-year period. The treaty was extended indefinitely and without conditions in 1995 by a consensus vote of 174 countries at the United Nations headquarters in New York City. The treaty continues to play an important role in sustaining the international norm against proliferation of these weapons. But it has been challenged by a number of events, including North Korea's withdrawal from the treaty in 2003 as it sought to acquire nuclear weapons, secondly evidence of the progress Iraq made in the 1980s on its nuclear program despite being a signatory to the treaty, and finally allegations about uranium enrichment facilities in Iran, yet another signatory to the treaty. The credibility of the nonproliferation norm has also been undermined by the ability of Indiaand Pakistan to become declared nuclear powers in 1998 without any serious international penalty and indeed by India establishing its own special arrangements as part of a bilateral deal with the United States in 2008. Many countries like Libya, Syria, and South Africa have built their own arsenals but due to pressure from the outside world especially the USA through the international Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have come to destroy them.

So the question one will ask is why is there struggle among all this countries to produce these weapons? And then why is the USA bent on stopping other countries from possessing their own nuclear arsenals since they themselves posses it?

I once asked a friend why North Korea is interested in producing nuclear weapons why her citizens are suffering. He replied that it helps to improve territorial integrity so if the USA should threaten them with their nuclear weapon, North Korea will also retaliate and so there will be diplomatic approach to issues between countries. None would like to test the wrath of the other. So, on the long run, each country will be a super power on its own. World government will be democratic whereby both the superpower and little powers will be seen as equal and not one country dictating for the other. Autocracy will sought of vanish from the world.

My friend’s answer is quite good, but weighing it on another scale, the question I will then ask is, what is the essence of these weapons in the first place, are they not reasons for war in the first place? Then also can’t world peace be achieved without bullets and ammunition? Besides, these weapons have side effects on the victims that witnessed it, ranging from skin cancer to environmental hazard, displacement of people, disagreements etc. Another thought to be considered is, what if these weapons should one day fell into the wrong hands of a terrorist? What then becomes the fate of the world? Also, the money budgeted for these programs run into billions of dollars, which could be used to help countries that lack resources especially here in Africa.

The aim of this article is to expose the situation at hand in the world, and the reasons behind it and your own assessment of the situation. God bless

Ezeoke Chisimdi